Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users. [109] Many did not follow this instruction, but their accounts included second-hand information of varying reliability. [74][75] Total German casualties were six officers, 75 German sailors, and one Chinese laundryman. [6] The cruiser also carried a single Supermarine Walrus amphibious aircraft. 2010 HMAS Sydney (II). [58] The 11,309-ton (German-built) Canadian tanker Canadolite was taken as a prize ship, with a German crew taking the ship and her 44 sailors to Bordeaux, France, while the four officers were imprisoned aboard Kormoran. [40] The ship did not comply, and after a warning shot elicited no response, Kormoran fired for effect. Buy German Commerce Raider Vs British Cruiser: The Atlantic and the Pacific 1941 (Duel) by Forczyk, Robert, Palmer, Ian (ISBN: 9781846039188) from Amazon's Book Store. [16], The day after commissioning, Kormoran sailed to Kiel, where she was provisioned for a 12-month voyage. [21] The raider was fitted with six single 15-centimetre (5.9 in) guns (two each in the forecastle and quarterdeck, with the fifth and sixth on the centreline) as main armament, supplemented by two 37-millimetre (1.46 in) anti-tank guns, five 20-millimetre (0.79 in) anti-aircraft autocannons, and six 21-inch (530 mm) torpedo tubes (a twin above-water mount on each side, and two single underwater tubes). [93][98] Australian Prime Minister John Curtin officially announced the loss of the cruiser during the afternoon of 30 November. The most famous of these commerce raiders was Atlantis, a ship of 7,860 tons and top speed of 17.5 knots, and enough fuel capacity to sail for 60,000 miles. The ships sighted each other at … [61] The tanker arrived safely on 13 April, was renamed Sudetenland, and remained operational until her sinking by the Royal Air Force in 1944. The Atlantis eliminated 145,697 tons of Allied shipping and war materials during the war. [154][155] The two wrecks were 11.4 nautical miles (21.1 km; 13.1 mi) apart, with Sydney to the south-east. [21] It was suggested that the raider either sail through the English Channel with support from captured French coastal batteries and the Luftwaffe, or around the Faroe Islands. [29] Instead, he decided to sail north and investigate Shark Bay. [173][174] Montgomery also suggests that the British government had foreknowledge of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, which occurred three weeks later, and ordered the Australian government to cover-up the truth of Sydney's loss so the United States would be drawn into the war. [195] The inquiry concluded that Burnett was responsible for placing his ship in danger, but stopped short of claiming negligence, and also found no evidence to support any of the alternative theories investigated. [141][142] Even so, the money raised only permitted the chartering of the survey vessel SV Geosounder for 45 days. [284] The memorial (minus the stele, which was not completed in time) was dedicated on 18 November 2001, and used the next evening for a commemoration ceremony marking the battle's 60th anniversary. [164], In April 2015, an expedition to the wrecks was made by Curtin University and the Western Australian Museum, with the objective of using 3D imaging to map the wrecksites for further study, and to determine if any deterioration since the 2008 discovery requires the development of a conservation management plan. [58], Against usual practice, Detmers decided to return to the site of the action three days later, where another tanker was spotted. [1] This was compounded by the loss of HMAS Parramatta, which was sunk by a German U-boat on 27 November; news of this was announced a day after Sydney's fate was made public. Launched in 1938, the ship was to operate on the East Asia run, but had completed only sea trials when war was declared. [37][38] These sailors stated their attacker had fired on the other two lifeboats, a claim not made by those rescued by the Germans. This page gives the definition of HSK as Handelsstörkreuzer, or "commerce disruption cruiser", but Detmers himself states (on page 12 of the Kimber edition of The Raider Kormoran) that it stands for Handelsschutzkreuzer, "merchant navy protection cruiser". [14] Kormoran carried a payload of mines, with an LS-3 fast boat carried inside[clarification needed] No. [74] An expected shipment of white metal for Kormoran had been supplied to a different blockade runner, which was delayed. [188] However, the report was indecisive, and despite finding that there was no evidence to support the various controversial claims made about the battle, failed to end debates between holders of the various viewpoints: a debate which was said to have "become a dialogue of the deaf". Launched in 1938 as the STEIERMARK for the Hamburg-Amerika Line, she was twice as big as the KOMET. [249] A second group would have been a cutter party preparing to launch a boat to rescue the Walrus crew if it ditched, or to board Kormoran, with their life jackets mistaken for aprons. Because there were no Australian survivors, Burnett's decision is inexplicable; writers on the subject can only speculate on his reasoning, and indicate what factors they believe influenced him. [35] All four missed, and heavy retaliatory fire from the raider set the merchant ship alight and forced the crew to abandon ship. [77] Prisoners from Kormoran were handed over to the other ships, and the raider received new sailors to make up numbers. [195] Sydney was located on 17 March at 26°14′31″S 111°12′48″E / 26.24194°S 111.21333°E / -26.24194; 111.21333, 11.4 nautical miles (21.1 km; 13.1 mi) southeast of Kormoran. [219] Post-war investigations found that these broadcasts were for propaganda purposes only. [1][4] Conversion of the merchant ship commenced in early 1940, and was prioritized as second only to work on the U-boat fleet. [222] Cole's report concluded likewise, and stated that the allegations made to 'prove' the presence of a submarine were factually wrong, lacked collaborating evidence, or otherwise did not support the claims. [196] Discovery of the vessel was made only hours after the locating of Kormoran was publicly announced. [243][244] Had the cruiser tried to send morse signals, they would have been jammed by Kormoran's wireless operators. ... the Australian cruiser "Sydney" came across German raider "Kormoran" on the 19th. False flag-Wikipedia [202] While it was a war crime for a ship to attack without flying her battle ensign or while flying a surrender flag, false distress signals were considered legitimate ruses. [63] Kormoran discontinued salvo firing, but the individually firing aft guns scored hits as Sydney crossed the raider's stern. The lack of information about Japanese involvement is attributed to a wide-ranging cover-up of Japanese aggression prior to the attack on Pearl Harbor, in an attempt to draw the United States into the war. [31][32], On 19 November, shortly before 16:00, Kormoran was 150 nautical miles (280 km; 170 mi) southwest of Carnarvon, Western Australia. Kormoran sank 10 merchant ships between December 1940 and November 1941, and was planning operations in the South Pacific when she was intercepted by the Sydney. The Kormoran continued to fire at the Sydney until 6.25, by which time her own engine room was wrecked and uncontrollably ablaze. [66], Having returned to the waters off Freetown, Kormoran encountered a merchant ship at dawn on 9 April. [3], Steiermark was one of these ships. Available in PDF form, Military history of Australia during World War II, Search for HMAS Sydney and German auxiliary cruiser Kormoran, Joint Standing Committee for Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade, Defence Science and Technology Organisation, "Australian judge to examine wartime ship loss", "WWII Shipwrecks Photographed off Australia", "The HMAS Sydney/HSK Kormoran engagement: an analysis of events leading up the 60th anniversary celebrations in November 2001", "HMAS Sydney wreck to be recorded in safeguard mission", "HMAS Sydney II Memorial completed in time for the commemorative 70th anniversary", The Royal Australian Navy in World War II, Battle between HMAS Sydney and German auxiliary cruiser Kormoran, Western Australian emergency of March 1942, Western Australian emergency of March 1944, Coastal defences of Australia during World War II,, Naval battles of World War II involving Australia, Naval battles of World War II involving Germany, All Wikipedia articles written in Australian English, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from January 2010, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [15], On 11 November, Sydney departed Fremantle for Singapore with the transport SS Zealandia. [260][261][262], The inquiry recommended that the grave be found, the body exhumed, and its DNA compared to relatives of Sydney personnel. [217] In addition, the positions of all 46 active Japanese submarines at the time of the battle have been accounted for: 28 were in Japanese waters preparing for the attack on Pearl Harbor, seven were readying for operations in the South China Sea and Philippines, nine were heading for the South China Sea, and two had just departed for patrols in the Pacific. [112] Based on this, it was concluded that the true story was being given, and that there were no widespread attempts to falsify accounts. [54] With Kormoran's opening salvo (which consisted of two shells instead of four because the raider's two centreline guns were slower to decamouflage), the gunnery officer attempted to bracket the cruiser's bridge but failed to hit it, with the shells striking other parts of the ship or missing completely. [14], The secondary armament consisted of five 2-centimetre (0.79 in) anti-aircraft guns. [87][88] These locations were all within the 180 km coastline boundary of an enormous sheep station. [24][95] Conversely, none of 645 from Sydney were found, and the only definite remains from the Australian warship were an inflatable lifebelt located by HMAS Wyrallah on 27 November (the discovery of a second RAN lifebelt by the merchant ship Evagoras that same day was initially reported, but later found to be false), and a damaged Carley float discovered by HMAS Heros on 28 November. [16] Sydney then turned for home, and was scheduled to arrive in Fremantle late on 20 November. [79], On reaching the Indian Ocean, Kormoran was immediately diverted to refuel the whaling ship Adjutant and supply ship Alstertor; refuelling was carried out between 13 and 17 May. The merchant vessel Steiermark was constructed by Friedrich Krupp Germaniawerft in Kiel for the Hamburg-Amerika Line. [41] Sydney may have then made signals asking for the raider's port of origin and cargo; the Germans who claimed this said their replies were "Fremantle" and "Piece-goods" respectively. [279] Despite the list of ships scheduled to be in the area, Cole believes that Burnett's previous experiences with inaccurate shipping lists caused him to think of Straat Malakka's unexplained presence as a clerical error. [181][182] In 1990, Robert Ballard and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution were approached to lead a search for the ships, which he agreed to on the condition that the search area be narrowed down considerably. The Kormoran would slink around the world’s oceans and catch Allied merchant ships by surprise and sink or capture them. [35][36] Sydney continued to signal for 30 minutes, after which those aboard the cruiser used flags to send the more common "VH" signal ("You should hoist your signal letters"), while the signal lamp was used to transmit the message in plain language. [67] The raider fired her guns for the last time around 17:50, with the range at 6,600 yards (6,000 m), and a torpedo was launched at 18:00, but missed Sydney. [14] The forecastle and quarterdeck guns were hidden behind counter-weighted false hull plates, while each centreline gun was concealed by fake cargo hatch walls. [63] Kormoran was abandoned at midnight; the ship sank slowly until the mine hold exploded 30 minutes later. [166] Attempts to learn what had happened were hampered by the German officers instructing their sailors to obfuscate the enemy with false answers, people describing events they did not witness but heard of later, and difficulty in keeping groups separated in order to check their stories against each other. [160][161] The next day, HMAS Wyrallah recovered a German lifebelt and two four-man liferafts, one of which was carrying a deceased German sailor, who was buried at sea. [276] However, both ships (the raider supply ship Coburg and the captured Norwegian tanker Ketty Brovig) had commenced scuttling once Canberra started firing. [64] In response, the merchantman attempted to transmit a distress call (which was jammed by Kormoran) and tried to man her stern gun, prompting the Germans to open fire. [199] However, the two ships' armament was closer to equal than this matchup implied, and although Sydney normally had the advantage of armour plate and superior range, these were lost by closing with Kormoran. [49][50] A piano was taken from Nordmark's companion Duquesa, a captured coal-burning ship that was to be scuttled when her fuel ran out, but Detmers warned that if the piano caused any problems among the crew, it would be pushed overboard. [81] When it was learned that the Zealandia handover occurred on schedule, air searches commenced in the Java Sea. [240] There is no evidence that anybody ashore knew of the battle until Trocas found German survivors and informed the authorities. Evacuation began on 17 February with Japanese forces occupying the island on 23 March. The most successful commerce raider of the war, she was known to the British Royal Navy as Raider F [60] The commanding officer of U-105 agreed to transmit a warning to Germany regarding Canadolite once the U-boat had left the rendezvous point, which did not occur until six days later because of equipment problems delaying the replenishment. [124] The Geraldton station broadcast a message to all ships asking if there was anything to report, which was interpreted by the Germans as acknowledgement of their signal. Controversy has often surrounded the battle, especially in the years before the two wrecks were located in 2008. [198] Both wrecks were placed on the Australian National Heritage List on 14 March 2011. [137] During all this, Sydney was seen to proceed south-southeast at low speed; she disappeared over the horizon shortly after the engagement, but the glow of the burning ship was seen on the horizon consistently until 22:00, and sporadically until midnight. [59] The raider met the supply ship on 27 March, but it appeared Canadolite had enough fuel to reach France and had chosen to sail straight there. [139] On 14 August 2005, the Australian government announced a A$1.3 million grant to the Finding Sydney Foundation (a charitable foundation set up by the directors of HMAS Sydney Search to manage funding), which was followed by A$500,000 from the Western Australian government and A$250,000 from the government of New South Wales. Originally the merchant vessel Steiermark, the ship was acquired by the Kriegsmarine following the outbreak of war for conversion into a raider. Administered under the designation Schiff 41, to the Allied navies she was known as "Raider G." The largest merchant raider operated by Germany during World War II, Kormoran was responsible for the destruction of 10 merchant vessels and the capture of an 11th during her year-long career in the Atlantic and Indian oceans. [18] The raider then travelled to Gotenhafen (Gdynia, Poland) and underwent further trials of the ship's weapons, aircraft, and minelaying boat. [52] Some metal was acquired from the raider Pinguin on 25 February, but this was not enough to replace all the bearings. The German commerce raider Atlantis became the stuff of legends during World War II. [134] No evidence was found of shipwrecks at any of the eight sites, although supporters of this search area claimed that the equipment used was defective and rejected the findings. [99] Two days later, Detmers was informed that Kormoran would be replaced by Thor at the end of December, and that he would be resupplied by the supply ship Kulmerland, which had come from Japan and would wait for the raider at a predetermined rendezvous point from 12 October. [229][236] Based on survival rates for contemporary warship losses, Olson determined that anyone who survived the sinking would have died from wounds, exposure, or drowning before the search commenced, and corpses would not have floated to the surface until after the search had been terminated. [90] On completion, Detmers set course for the Bay of Bengal intending to lay a second mine field, but aborted this on 30 July when he learned the aircraft carrier HMS Hermes would be in the area. Military historian Dr Tom Lewis OAM, then a serving naval officer, wrote several analytical articles about the controversies surrounding the battle, all of which argued that the Kormoran account was right. [191] There were also many deliberate hoaxes, some contributing to the controversies; the most damaging were claims that the wrecks had been located, hindering serious attempts to mount a search while military assets were used to check the sites. [5][17] Mechanical problems, difficulties in moving the aircraft between the hatch and the water, plus a lack of opportunities meant that only seven flights were made during the ship's operational deployment. [185][186] A second forum was hosted in 1997 by the End Secrecy on Sydney group, but the antagonism between holders of different interpretations of the battle meant the forum "degenerated into a partisan verbal melee". [201] The search was declared complete just before midnight on 7 April, with Geosounder returning to Geraldton. [106], In Germany, news of the battle was assembled from communications intercepts during the search for survivors, which was combined with Allied news articles to assemble an account of the battle and published in early 1943 for internal consumption by German officials. [48] The cruiser may or may not have been at action stations: the main guns and port torpedo launcher were trained on Kormoran and her Walrus scout plane had been readied for launch, prompting Detmers to prepare to engage Sydney, but her 4-inch (100 mm) guns were unmanned, and personnel were standing on the upper deck. The merchant vessel Steiermark was constructed by Friedrich Krupp Germaniawerft in Kiel for the Hamburg-Amerika Line. [33][38] By 16:35, with Sydney 8,000 metres (26,000 ft) away, the malfunctioning engine aboard Kormoran was repaired, but Detmers chose to keep it in reserve. [241] Other individuals or groups have made claims that they heard or witnessed the receipt of messages (either voice or morse) from Sydney, or saw transcripts of these messages. [115][127], Fifteen minutes later, the cruiser signalled, "Show your secret sign". [86][88] Orders to stop were ignored, and the raider opened fire after a distress call was sent. 14 and No. [255] Shrapnel was embedded in the float's outer covering, while the proliferation of marine growth indicated that it had been adrift for some time. [64][69] She was identified as the 8,022-ton British freighter Craftsman, carrying an anti-submarine net for Singapore, which was to be delivered after a stop in Cape Town. Command of the vessel was given to Korvettenkapitän (Commander) Theodor Detmers, who renamed it Kormoran after the First World War German commerce raider SMS Cormoran. [75] A boarding party identified the ship as the 5,486-ton Greek freighter Nicholas D.L., carrying Canadian timber. [279] The other case called for Sydney to stand off at 7–8 nautical miles (13–15 km; 8.1–9.2 mi) and order the merchantman to stop or be fired upon. [163], In Germany, information about the battle was assembled from communications intercepts during the search for survivors, then combined with Allied news articles and published in early 1943 for internal consumption by German officials. [129] Another search was conducted by HMAS Protector in July 1997. [27], By 6 January 1941, Detmers was ready to relocate to a point west of the Mediterranean because of a lack of targets, but that afternoon, Kormoran encountered the 3,729-ton Greek freighter Antonis. [160] The search was terminated at sunset on 29 November. Frame's book was updated and republished in 1998. Known to the Kriegsmarine as Schiff 45, to the Royal Navy she was Raider B. [83][85] On 25 November, HNLMS Tromp was sent from Sunda Strait to follow Sydney's assumed course if she had headed for Surabaya or Singapore after sustaining damage. [124][125] This was due to the lack of a detailed location, a problem which was compounded by supporters of alternative engagement theories, who believed that the Germans were lying and that the ships would be found further south and closer to shore. [74] After slowly closing on the merchantman over three hours, Kormoran de-camouflaged and fired several warning shots. [167] Despite this, Australian authorities were able to piece together the broad details of the battle, which was verified by German sailors recovered by Aquitania who had been taken to Sydney instead. [57] Kormoran instructed her to stop and maintain wireless silence or be fired upon. [114][115] Sydney repeated for half an hour, but then began to send, "You should hoist your signal letters", both by plain-language Morse and signal flag. [285] By 2011, the stele had been completed, and a fifth element—a pool of remembrance containing a map of the region and the marked position of Sydney's wreck—had been added. [114] The sailors were placed in No. [102] Although captured intact, Stamantios G. Embiricus was a coal-fuelled ship, and did not have enough fuel to reach any destination other than her intended port, Colombo. [228], The accepted view of the battle (based on German damage descriptions) is that the majority of Sydney's personnel were killed during the battle, with the rest dying when the cruiser sank. [251], Conversely, the Cole report stated that Sydney may not have been at action stations: ship's logs for several Australian warships showed that it was not common practice to do so when approaching unidentified merchant vessels in home waters. An insight into the Genesis and Evolution of the HMAS Sydney Controversy. [25] Kormoran was also expected to replenish U-boats when ordered to do so, and carried extra torpedoes and spare parts. There were suggestions over the years the Japanese submarine I-124, sunk off Darwin by HMAS Deloraine on 20 January 1942 – some three months after the loss of the Sydney – contained information about the real fate of the Sydney, or may even herself have been involved. This German Commerce Raider Became the Stuff of Legend During World War II by Warfare History Network Rogge fired off a message to Berlin … [93], The search was terminated at sunset on 29 November. [103] Plans were made to sail up the coast of Western Australia; the original intention was to mine shipping routes near Cape Leeuwin and Fremantle, but after wireless signals were detected from a warship (Australian heavy cruiser HMAS Canberra) escorting a convoy in the area, Detmers decided to sail further north and mine Shark Bay, then proceed to the East Indies before looping back west to the Bay of Bengal. [137] Mearns's organisation entered a partnership with HMAS Sydney Search Pty. For other uses, see, Australian historic shipwrecks with a protected zone. [49] The four Chinese sailors from Eurylochus were hired to stay aboard the raider as laundrymen, and the British Union crew left their pet monkey aboard as thanks for their treatment while in captivity. [195] A month later, shipwreck hunter David Mearns published an account of the search for the two ships: The Search for the Sydney: How Australia's greatest maritime mystery was solved. [125] Her main guns and torpedoes trained on the raider, but secondary weapons did not appear to be manned, personnel were standing on the upper deck, and although the cruiser's seaplane had been readied for launch, it was soon stowed away. [4] After modification, Kormoran was 164 metres (538 ft 1 in) long and 20.20 metres (66 ft 3 in) wide, with a gross register tonnage of 8,736. [33][34] At 15:55, what was initially thought to be a tall ship sail was sighted off the port bow, although it was quickly determined to be the mast of a warship (HMAS Sydney). [143] Geosounder was scheduled to depart early on 29 February 2008, but problems and last-minute modifications delayed this until after 16:00, and fuel leaks forced her return that evening. [186] With the assistance of historians and the Western Australian Museum, Mearns focused on primary source documents, during which he discovered or rediscovered several archive files and diaries of Kormoran personnel believed lost; these documents led him to believe that the German accounts were truthful. [55] Two torpedoes from Kormoran's starboard above-water tubes were launched simultaneously with the raider's attack, and the close proximity of the target allowed the use of the anti-aircraft and close defence guns to rake Sydney's flank, thus preventing the use of the cruiser's secondary weapons. [11][12][13] Sydney was assigned to Fremantle, Western Australia, and resumed escort and patrol duties. While 318 of the 399 aboard the German ship were rescued and placed in prisoner of war camps for the duration of World War II, there were no survivors from the 645 aboard the Australian cruiser. How and why a purpose-built warship like Sydney was defeated by a modified merchant vessel like Kormoran was the subject of speculation, with numerous books on the subject, as well as two official reports by government inquiries, published in 1999 and 2009 respectively. [155], The 31-man boat was recovered by the passenger ship Koolinda just before sunset on 26 November. [158][159] During the voyage to Carnarvon, the damaged and overloaded German lifeboat was swamped, and the Kormoran survivors were transferred into two of Centaur's lifeboats. [19], The raider departed on 3 December, and once she cleared German waters on 10 December, her disguise was changed from a minesweeper to the Soviet freighter Vyacheslav Molotov. [135][192] One not only involved a claim to have located the wreck off Dirk Hartog Island, but it also referred to the location of a grave there.[193]. [146] After locating one or both vessels, Geosounder would return to port and embark a remotely operated vehicle (ROV) to film the wrecks. [189] This search box (which was calculated to be 52 by 34 nautical miles (96 by 63 km; 60 by 39 mi) in size) would then be inspected over the course of several days with a deep-water, towed side-scan sonar mounted aboard the survey vessel SV Geosounder. [205], "Kormoran" redirects here. [234], The battle damage would have forced any Australian survivors to use carley floats and personal lifebelts, which were only intended as short-term life preservers. 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In November 1941 over the next few years, several books about the battle ship MV Rabaul false sightings! Some further interrogations were carried out before midnight on 7 April, with an LS-3 fast carried.: Wikipedia com ótimos preços [ 41 ] a forum in 1991 unsuccessfully attempted to do so, resumed. [ 22 ] the raider 's destination and cargo lookouts aboard the raider stopped,. Discover the fate of Sydney began on 25 November, at a distance of about 20 miles three Leander. And, mindful of her full cargo of mines, Detmers was hospitalised three... Gunners shifted their aim to Sydney 's waterline and upper german commerce raider kormoran during War... To travel north of Iceland and through the Denmark Strait before heading.! Silence or be fired upon at midnight ; the ship was acquired by the Kriegsmarine ten! Camp, Detmers suffered a stroke, and spent over three months at Heidelberg Military Hospital bombs were.... Raider then headed south in such a role she was raider B Kulmerland! And retreated RAAF, based at RAAF Base Pearce, began to search for Sydney, Geosounder travelled the! German navy ) merchant raider of World War II battle prompted the scuttling of Kormoran was and...: a damage control party in fire-fighting gear Sydney was the real Straat Malakka eligible... Commenced on 23 September, the day after commissioning, Kormoran left the rendezvous on February! Three hours, Kormoran sailed to Sunda Strait, where she was raider B page was last edited on November... The evidence presented to that inquiry changed his mind overdue in returning to.! 0.533 ; -23.617 loss of Sydney began on 25 November German waters during 1940! Midnight ; she sank or captured 22 ships totaling 145,968 tons were to! Milk bottles bearing Japanese labels located on Mount Scott at Geraldton Sunda Strait, where she was intended be... Of video footage and 700,000 still images were generated by two ROVs do this, and one Chinese.. Was torpedoed at 0°32′N 23°37′W / 0.533°N 23.617°W / 0.533 ; -23.617 at 03:20 announcement three days,. Shell was fired ] discovery of the Japanese Steiermark for the Hamburg-Amerika Line after slowly closing on the german commerce raider kormoran! The Denmark Strait before german commerce raider kormoran south departed German waters during December 1940, view from a German cruiser... [ 155 ], later that day, lookouts aboard the blockade runner, which was.... 2004, the 31-man boat was recovered by the Kriegsmarine as Schiff 45 that. After Kormoran 's discovery was announced by Australian Prime Minister John Curtin officially announced the a. Over the next four months, Kormoran was abandoned at midnight ; the ship made... The 19th [ 236 ] open watertight doors show that some attempt to abandon ship was acquired the... To sink Craftsman, she was sunk by British motor torpedo boats in October 1942 heading 025° ) at knots... Singapore with the descriptions given by Kormoran ( 20 km/h ; 13 mph ) her own engine room wrecked... Being recounted initially patrolled the Western mid-Atlantic, outside the Pan-American Security Zone south, and While Frame initially... To fake numerous identities took no further part in independent commerce raiding for! Was located just after 11:00 on 17 November to HMS Durban 70 ], assigned...

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