The scaffold and its components should also be checked by a competent person and properly tagged before the start of the shift to ensure its integrity and safety. There are eight types of suspended scaffolds including catenary, float, multi level, Botswain’s Chair, and swing scaffold which is … Scaffolding is also referred as scaffold or staging, which is a provisional structure used for supporting a work team and materials to assist in the construction, repairs and maintenance of buildings, tall residential as well as commercial structures, bridges including all types of manmade structures. Where putlog scaffolds are used on refurbishment work, joints may be raked out to insert the blade end. Other common components are scaffold boards and edge protection. Like giant tinker toys, these scaffolds consist of a series of metal tubes are held together by couplers to form joints. The gap allows the brickwork to be checked for plumb and also helps to reduce damage to the brickwork caused by mortar snots splashing off the scaffold and onto the wall. * Double scaffolding. Walk on scaffold planking covered in ice, snow or mud. Use a scaffold unless guardrails and all flooring are in place. 5. Each scaffold and scaffold component must support without failure its own weight and at least four times the maximum intended load applied or transmitted to it. Let’s take a look at the basic components that are used in scaffolding. Use the scaffold if it appears damaged in any way, has been tampered with, or if there are components missing such as planking, guardrails, toeboards, debris nets or protective canopies. It is also known as putlog scaffolding.. The standards also known as uprights; they are perpendicular tubes that shift the entire weight of the structure to the ground where they lean on a square base plate to scatter the weight. Around 65% of the construction industry work on scaffolds and experience 4,500 injuries and 60 fatalities annually in the United States alone . Install scaffold with jackscrews (adjusting screws). The use of shore or lean-to scaffolds is prohibited. The bracing prevents distortion to the rectangular grids. Braces: The bracing system. Take extra precautions when erecting scaffold on frozen ground. When the scaffolding is assembled on concrete floor, wheels or base plates are recommended. These act as façade bracing. This training is required every 4 years. 3. When using hop-up brackets, care must be taken not to overload the scaffold. How to calculate scaffolding load. Bracing is used to resist horizontal loads and to stiffen the structure. 1.3.1. Capacity. This, in turn, improves the life span and dependability of the scaffolding and its components. They allow for minor adjustments to help keep scaffold plumb and level. Determining the right type of scaffold for any project is important. Features and Benefits. Scaffolds more than 10 m height should be secured for stability at first utilising the fixed structure and for every 8 m height should be provided. In general, a scaffold must be able to support its own weight, plus four times the maximum intended load. 1926.451 (a) (6) Hop-up brackets may be used to increase the working height of the lift and to increase the working width of the scaffolding platform. Features and Benefits. Capacity. Suspended scaffolds are usually powered, and supported by ropes. Scaffolding and temporary works should always be checked before use following extreme weather conditions,e.g. Each scaffold must be capable of supporting, without failure, it's own weight and at least 4 times the maximum intended load applied or transmitted to it. The toe boards must be a minimum height of 150mm. Tower scaffold 228. 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